Haiti is the poorest country in the Americas, with 80% of the population living in poverty. Forty five thousand children under age 5 die each year, mostly due to poverty related illnesses. The earthquake in January 2010 killed approximately 300,000 people and left 1 million homeless, and left thousands upon thousands orphaned. In Haiti, there are thousands of true orphans; however, there are also many children who have been abandoned by one or both parents who are also considered orphans. As in all developing countries, orphans are extremely vulnerable. Post-earthquake estimates of the number of orphans in Haiti range from 300,000 to over 700,000. Many orphans in Haiti become restaveks, children sent by their families to work as domestic servants in another family’s household. Sometimes restaveks are treated well, but sometimes they are little more than child slaves. Today, there are close to 300,000 restaveks living in Haiti, a number that has risen significantly since the earthquake in January, 2010.